In Utah, foreclosures are accomplished either in court or out of court, although out-of-court foreclosures are more common. The out-of-court foreclosure process takes about five months.
|Judicial||Non Judicial||Comment||Process Period||Publish Sale||Redemption Period||Sale/NTS|
|•||Non-judicial only||142 days||N/A||Court Decides||Trustee|
To begin foreclosure proceedings in court, the lender files a suit against the borrower for the amount owed. If the court finds default has occurred, it will determine the appropriate amount due on the loan and give the borrower a set time to repay the debt plus costs. If the borrower does not pay within the set time period, a public sale of the property is scheduled.
Most foreclosures in Utah can be commenced without involving the court system. The lender starts the foreclosure process by recording a notice of default with the county recorder and mailing a copy of the notice of default to the borrower. After the notice of default is recorded, the borrower has three months before the property is sold at public auction. During this time, the borrower can stop the foreclosure by paying the amount in default and any applicable costs.
Three months after the notice of default is recorded and at least 20 days before the sale date, the notice of sale is posted in a conspicuous place on the property to be sold and at the office of the county recorder. In addition, the lender publishes a notice of sale once a week for three consecutive weeks in a local newspaper. The last publication must be at least 10 days, but not more than 30 days before the date of the sale.
Foreclosure sales are conducted as public auctions at the county courthouse where the property is located between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., with the property going to the highest bidder. If the sale price is above and beyond the amount owed to the lender, the extra monies go first to any junior lien holders and then to the borrower.
There is typically no redemption period for the borrower after an out-of-court foreclosure sale.