Foreclosure Starts Drop to 8-Year Low But Auctions Still Up Annually in 19 States;
Owner Vacated “Zombie” Properties Account for 21 Percent of All Active Foreclosures
IRVINE, Calif. – March 13, 2014 — RealtyTrac® (www.realtytrac.com), the nation’s leading source for comprehensive housing data, today released its U.S. Foreclosure Market Report™ for February 2014, which shows foreclosure filings — default notices, scheduled auctions and bank repossessions — were reported on 112,498 U.S. properties in February, a 10 percent decrease from January and down 27 percent from February 2013 to the lowest monthly total since December 2006 — a more than seven-year low.
RealtyTrac also included updated information on the number of owner-vacated properties in the foreclosure process as part of the report. As of the first quarter of 2014, a total of 152,033 U.S. properties in the foreclosure process (excluding bank-owned properties) had been vacated by the distressed homeowner, representing 21 percent of all properties in the foreclosure process. These owner-vacated foreclosures — sometimes called zombie foreclosures — had been in the foreclosure process an average of 1,031 days.
Read more about owner-vacated foreclosures, sometimes referred to as zombie foreclosures at this article titled Zombie Foreclosures: The Vacant Dead, which includes an info graphic illustrating the problem and possible solutions, and also a video featuring a presentation made by RealtyTrac at an event on the topic hosted this week by the Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank.
“Cold weather and a short month certainly contributed to a seasonal drop in foreclosure activity in February, but the reality is that new activity is no longer the biggest threat to the housing market when it comes to foreclosures,” said Daren Blomquist, vice president at RealtyTrac. “The biggest threat from foreclosures going forward is properties that have been lingering in the foreclosure process for years, many of them vacant with neither the distressed homeowner or the foreclosing lender taking responsibility for maintenance and upkeep of the home — or at the very least facilitating a sale to a new homeowner more likely to perform needed upkeep and maintenance.
“One in every five homes in the foreclosure process nationwide have been vacated by the distressed homeowner, but it is closer to one in three foreclosures in some cities,” Blomquist added. “These properties drag down home values in the surrounding neighborhood and contribute to a climate of uncertainty and low inventory in local housing markets.”
High-level findings from the report:
- Owner-vacated foreclosures nationwide were flat compared to the last time RealtyTrac analyzed these properties, in the third quarter of 2013, but some states saw substantial increases, including Michigan (27 percent increase from September 2013), New Jersey (24 percent increase) and Nevada (21 percent increase).
- States with the most owner-vacated foreclosures were Florida with 54,908 (36 percent of the national total, Illinois (15,512), New York (10,880), New Jersey (8,595), and Ohio (7,780).
- States with the longest average time in foreclosure for owner-vacated foreclosures included Arkansas (1,128 days), Hawaii (1,112 days), Florida (1,095 days), Nevada (1,055 days), and New York (1,037 days).
- After a 10 percent month-over-month jump in January, U.S. foreclosure starts retreated to their lowest level since December 2005 — a 98-month low. A total of 51,842 U.S. properties started the foreclosure process for the first time in February, down 9 percent from the previous month and down 27 percent from a year ago.
- Counter to the national trend, February foreclosure starts increased from a year ago in 14 states, including New Jersey where foreclosure starts increased 126 percent from a year ago, boosting the state’s foreclosure rate to fourth highest in the nation — its highest foreclosure rate ranking since October 2005.
- A total of 47,715 U.S. properties were scheduled for a future foreclosure auction (in some states this is the foreclosure start) in February, down 15 percent from the previous month and down 21 percent from a year ago.
- Counter to the national trend, scheduled foreclosure auctions increased from a year ago in 19 states, including Oregon (up 389 percent), Utah (up 145 percent), Connecticut (up 141 percent), New Jersey (up 70 percent), and Maryland (up 36 percent).
- There were a total of 30,307 U.S. bank repossessions (REO) in February, up less than 1 percent from January but still down 33 percent from February 2013.
- Counter to the national trend, 15 states reported year-over-year increases in bank repossessions in February, including Connecticut (up 162 percent), New York (up 108 percent), Maryland (up 98 percent), New Jersey (up 90 percent), and Oregon (up 70 percent).
- States with the highest foreclosure rates in February were Florida, Maryland, Nevada, New Jersey and Illinois.
- Nine of the top 10 metro foreclosure rates in February were posted by cities in Florida, along with Atlantic City, N.J., where overall foreclosure activity increased 254 percent from a year ago.
- Among the nation’s 20 most populated metro areas, the highest foreclosure rates were in Tampa, Miami, Baltimore, Riverside-San Bernardino in Southern California, and Chicago. Only four of the 20 largest metro areas posted annual increases in foreclosure activity: New York (up 77 percent), Philadelphia (up 20 percent), Washington, D.C. (up 19 percent), and Baltimore (up 14 percent).
Local broker quotes
“Short sales and foreclosures used to account for about 85 percent of the Reno, NV market while home equity accounted for just 15 percent,” said Craig King, COO of Chase International, covering the Reno and Lake Tahoe, Nev. markets. “Now those numbers have flipped and we are seeing an increase in home equity and a decrease in the number of total foreclosures.”
“Distressed properties will continue to be present in our market because there are still a number of people who are upside down on their mortgages, but the housing market is definitely picking up and looking much stronger,” added King.
“Approximately 8 percent of mortgages in the Utah market were considered underwater, and the number of homes currently in foreclosure represents 1.5 percent of mortgages statewide, which is slightly higher than our historical average of 1 percent,” said Steve Roney, CEO of Prudential Utah Real Estate, covering the Salt Lake City and Park City, Utah markets. “But once again, Utah’s strong economic outlook, robust job growth and an unemployment rate hovering near 4 percent set a strong foundation for continued real estate expansion.”
“REO inventory in the Oklahoma housing market is at its lowest level in seven years,” said Sheldon Detrick, CEO of Prudential Detrick/Alliance Realty, covering the Oklahoma City and Tulsa, Okla. markets. “Buyer velocity is as strong as ever, and the continuously low inventory levels are leading to multiple, high-paying offers for these types of properties.”
“The Denver market is certainly normalizing based on the large drop of distressed properties over the past year. The worst of the foreclosure crisis is thankfully behind us, however it’s not entirely over as we saw a surge in foreclosure activity early this year, and we predict there may be another month of higher foreclosure activity this summer,” said Chad Ochsner, owner/broker of RE/MAX Alliance, covering the Denver, Colo. market. “We are not quite back to pre-recession levels, but Denver remains very healthy and is quickly returning to normal.”
Florida, Maryland, Nevada post top state foreclosure rates
After jumping 19 percent on a month-over-month basis in January Florida foreclosure activity dropped 7 percent from January to February and was down 24 percent on a year-over-year basis — the seventh consecutive month with an annual decrease. Despite the decrease, Florida still posted the nation’s top foreclosure rate, with one in every 372 housing units with a foreclosure filing during the month — more than three times the national average.
Florida foreclosure starts decreased annually for the 12th consecutive month, and Florida bank repossessions decreased annually for the sixth consecutive month. Scheduled foreclosure auctions in Florida decreased 2 percent annually in February after 13 consecutive months of annual increases.
Maryland foreclosure activity increased annually for the 20th consecutive month in February, helping it post the nation’s second highest state foreclosure rate — one in every 557 housing units with a foreclosure filing. On a year-over-year basis, Maryland foreclosure starts increased 15 percent, scheduled foreclosure auctions increased 36 percent, and bank repossessions increased 98 percent.
Nevada foreclosure activity in February decreased 16 percent from January and was down 49 percent from February 2013, but the state still posted the nation’s third highest foreclosure rate — one in every 633 housing units with a foreclosure filing.
New Jersey foreclosure activity increased 108 percent annually in February, and the state posted the nation’s fourth highest state foreclosure rate — one in every 739 housing units with a foreclosure filing. The No. 4 ranking was the highest ranking for New Jersey since October 2005.
Illinois foreclosure activity decreased 48 percent annually in February — the 15th consecutive month with an annual decrease — but the state still posted the nation’s fifth highest foreclosure rate: one in every 811 housing units with a foreclosure filing.
Other states with foreclosure rates among the nation’s 10 highest in February were Connecticut (one in every 898 housing units with a foreclosure filing), Ohio (one in every 941 housing units), South Carolina (one in every 971 housing units), Georgia (one in every 1,011 housing units), and Wisconsin (one in every 1,011 housing units).
Metro foreclosure rates and activity
Nine of the top 10 foreclosure rates in February among metropolitan statistical areas with a population of 200,000 or more were in Florida, led by Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville with one in every 296 housing units with a foreclosure filing during the month — nearly four times the national average.
Other Florida metros in the top 10 were Tampa at No. 2 (one in every 318 housing units with a foreclosure filing); Jacksonville at No. 3 (one in every 319 housing units); Miami at No. 4 (one in every 328 housing units); Port St. Lucie at No. 5 (one in every 361 housing units); Orlando at No. 6 (one in every 370 housing units); Ocala at No. 8 (one in every 404 housing units); Tallahassee at No. 9 (one in every 407 housing units); and Lakeland (one in every 410 housing units).
Foreclosure activity in Atlantic City, N.J., increased 254 percent on a year-over-year basis — the third consecutive month with a triple-digit percentage annual increase — and the city posted the nation’s seventh highest metro foreclosure rate: one in every 398 housing units with a foreclosure filing during the month.
20 Largest Metro Foreclosure Rate –February 2014
Feb 2014 Properties with Foreclosure Filings
MoM Pct Change
YoY Pct Change
Housing Units Per Foreclosure Filing (Rate)
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
St. Louis, MO-IL
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
The RealtyTrac U.S. Foreclosure Market Report provides a count of the total number of properties with at least one foreclosure filing entered into the RealtyTrac database during the month — broken out by type of filing. Some foreclosure filings entered into the database during the month may have been recorded in previous months. Data is collected from more than 2,200 counties nationwide, and those counties account for more than 90 percent of the U.S. population. RealtyTrac’s report incorporates documents filed in all three phases of foreclosure: Default — Notice of Default (NOD) and Lis Pendens (LIS); Auction — Notice of Trustee’s Sale and Notice of Foreclosure Sale (NTS and NFS); and Real Estate Owned, or REO properties (that have been foreclosed on and repurchased by a bank). The report does not count a property again if it receives the same type of foreclosure filing multiple times within the estimated foreclosure timeframe for the state where the property is located.
The RealtyTrac U.S. Foreclosure Market Report is the result of a proprietary evaluation of information compiled by RealtyTrac; the report and any of the information in whole or in part can only be quoted, copied, published, re-published, distributed and/or re-distributed or used in any manner if the user specifically references RealtyTrac as the source for said report and/or any of the information set forth within the report.
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RealtyTrac (www.realtytrac.com) is the nation’s leading source of comprehensive housing data, with more than 1.5 million active default, foreclosure auction and bank-owned properties, and more than 1 million active for-sale listings on its website, which also provides essential housing information for more than 100 million homes nationwide. This information includes property characteristics, tax assessor records, bankruptcy status and sales history, along with 20 categories of key housing-related facts provided by RealtyTrac’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Homefacts®. RealtyTrac’s foreclosure reports and other housing data are relied on by the Federal Reserve, U.S. Treasury Department, HUD, numerous state housing and banking departments, investment funds as well as millions of real estate professionals and consumers, to help evaluate housing trends and make informed decisions about real estate.
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